Blood in stool is called hematochezia, and it may be caused by certain illnesses and disorders. You may want to ignore it when you notice some blood in your stool; it may be dark red in color but sometimes it can be a disturbing black color and may require your doctor’s attention.
To understand why blood in your stool happens you need to know what causes it. This condition is just a symptom which means that there is some underlying condition. Contrary to what some may believe, a bruise in the rectum is not always the reason why there is blood in stools.
A lot of the time, colon cancer is the main cause of blood in stools, but this is not always the case. It could be something less serious. If it is colon cancer, then you should be glad that you have been diagnosed early. Never ignore any unusual circumstances regarding your health. The sooner you consult your doctor and get diagnosed, the better.
Common Causes of Blood in Stools:
Bleeding in the large intestine could be what is causing the blood in your stools. If the blood is fresh-looking, then the bleeding could be occurring at the end of the colon or in the rectum itself. If the color is somewhat dark brown to black, which is called tarry stools, then the bleeding is happening higher in the colon.
Other causes of blood in stools are hemorrhoids, diverticulitis, non-cancerous growths like polyps, intestinal infection like bacterial enterocolitis, inflammatory bowel disorders such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Sometimes, blood in stool can be caused by a very recent trauma. It can appear after a colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy test; the bleeding can last for up to two days and is not a serious condition.
Bowel ischemia resulting from lack of blood flow also causes blood in stool.
Use of NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin and ibuprofen may be causing the appearance of bloody stools.
Sometimes people get anxious when they notice their stools to be darker in color than usual, and they will think that they have bloody stool even if blood is not really visible. Dark stools are sometimes the result of taking iron supplements and foods with dark colors such as blackberries, blueberries, beets and many more.
Do not be embarrassed to seek medical help if you have this condition; it is better to know what is causing blood in your stool rather than be anxious all the time.
When you notice that your stool is bloody, you should also look out for other signs of possible diseases, like changes in stool color, the consistency and frequency of bowel movements. If hemorrhoids are the cause, then there is no need to worry; it is an easily treated condition. But if these have been ruled out and colon cancer is suspected, then it is better get tested right away, there is no time to waste; early detection means early cure.
Treatments for blood in stool
Treatments will depend on the cause of the bleeding; most of the time, proper diet can stop this condition. Blood in stool can occur when the stool is too hard and finds it difficult to pass through the anus. The anus will then bleed because it might be slightly injured and so blood is inevitable. If that is the case, you just need to eat properly to be able to digest your food properly and for waste to be discharged more easily.
If colon cancer is the cause then proper treatment for cancer is the only way to stop the occurrence of blood in stools. You need to be aware that this type of cancer is really risky and blood in stools is just one of the possible symptoms. Mostly, this symptom will be among the last to appear. Therefore it’s better to get checked at once, before it’s too late.