What is a cyst?
Before you can understand what is a cyst created for, it is important to keep in mind that while most structures and body parts in humans are commonly associated with certain functions or purposes, this is not necessarily the case. A cyst, defined as a growth that is covered by a membrane, tends to manifest itself on top of an organ, or fill the gap that exists between skin tissues and muscle. In a general sense, they are considered benign (or harmless) and they stay pretty isolated. Cysts are characterized by infected fluids, semi-solid substances (e.g. sebum) or simply air that fills the structure.
To better appreciate what is a cyst produced for, it has been noted that its existence could be linked to a defect during fetal development or a disorder, but it is also acknowledged that there are some unknown circumstances that could lead to the growth of a cyst. It is not uncommon to find a sebaceous cyst (small and hard form of cyst) deposited under the wrist or forearm. If it is in the wrist, it could be some kind of ganglion cyst. Other common areas where cysts could be located are on top of the vocal cords, under the scalp or face.
Are cysts harmful?
While a cyst is generally considered to be harmless or non-cancerous, it could inflict extreme pain. During World War II, soldiers who were assigned as jeep drivers often complained about painful “blisters” around the tailbone area. Further examinations from doctors revealed that such reported pain was more likely related to a cyst generated by ingrown hairs near the coccyx. The technical term to describe it is a pilonital cyst, originated from Greek, which means ‘hairy nest’. The high risk group for this particular kind of condition includes people who pursue less active lifestyles, people with obesity, or simply people who possess less lower back hair.
Suggestions for cysts examination and treatments
When the cyst does not drain itself off, you may need a surgical intervention to remove it.
As mentioned earlier, cysts can deposit themselves onto a wide variety of body organs. While it is thought of being innocent and not harmful in nature, its removal may be necessary to avoid further problems. Take for example a cyst that grows on the ovary. It is not malignant in nature, but if its growth continues uninhibited, it can turn into a large mass over time and cause pain sensation in the abdomen.
In suspected cases of malignant cysts, a needle aspiration procedure is often called in for further examination. A sample of fluids or other materials will be extracted to verify infection and any unintended cell growth. Unless it is absolutely necessary, prescription antibiotics and pain killers are dispensed, rather than the surgery option.
Granted, the existence of a sebaceous cyst under the skin would not look good on you. However, from a medical perspective, it is not required that you remove it. In the case of most severe cysts, treatments may cover lancing, and it is to be followed up with sterile bandages and antibiotics. Severe cysts would have to be drained off completely, if you don’t want to worry about secondary infections.